two years at least you should change the coolant in your car. Wet
cold winter days when you cannot drive is a good time to do this.
Unfortunately in a Diablo changing the coolant is not as easy as in
most cars. The reason for this is that the stopcock is very
difficult to find and open. It is quite common to have it snap off
in the process. Some people resort to draining the radiator by
disconnecting one of the hoses instead. This can be a messy process!
I describe here a fix in which we will replace
the Lamborghini hard to open plastic spigot with an easily accessible
brass stopcock. The whole process is quite a bit of work but will make
changing the coolant easy next time around.
It is very difficult to open the radiator stopcocks (there are two
of them, one at the bottom of each radiator). They can be seen at a
certain angle from under the car through a small port hole (fig 2).
Unfortunately the drain spigot is made of plastic. It is easy to
snap off the wings of the nut if it is tight. You do not have
straight access to the nut. One person told me about bending a piece
of copper tubing with a grove at one end to catch the nut.
There may be other tools out there. I decided what is
needed is to replace the plastic stopcock with a brass spigot that
is easily accessible from above or beneath the car. The hard
part is, that to do this, you need to remove the muffler box from the car.
This is described elsewhere.
With the muffler box removed one can easily open the drain stopcocks
with a "Vice grip" as shown in figure 3. Note in
order to let all the water drain out of each radiator you need to
open the bleed nuts (fig 4) at the top of each radiator (as well of
course the cap of the overflow/expansion coolant reservoir).
What we will now do
is replace this plastic part with a brass assembly shown in figure
5. These can be obtained from any hardware store in the
plumbing section. The only complication is that that Lamborghini
screw treads are metric. Consequently the part that screws into the
radiator will have to be rethreaded to a 10 mm tread as shown in
figure 6. Working with brass is easy, but make sure the treads
are smooth (fig 7) -- you do not want to even think about the
fitting snapping off as you screw it into the bottom of the
radiator. Figure 8 shows the fitting being attached. Be sure to use
Teflon tape on all joints. And be sure to use the o-ring that was
used with the Lamborghini plastic stopcock. Figures 9 and 10
shows the complete assembly attached to the radiator. Adjust the
spigot angle so it can be easily accessed from under the car. While
not absolutely necessary I seal off the end of the spigot with a
brass fitting to prevent dirt getting into it. This can be removed
when you drain the radiator. Also to make things nice I spray
the brass fittings with high temperature black paint (fig 11).
Note if you do not wish to go to these elaborate lengths you can
make a simple "poor-man's" stopcock by taking a metric 10 mm bolt
drilling a hole through the center 3/4 of the way in and then
through the treads drill a second hole at right angles to the first.
When you twist the bolt all the way in it will seal off the
radiator. As you open it out it will drain. This bolt is shown in
figure 12. The problem is again it is very hard to get to it without
removing the muffler.
- Refilling the Radiator with
- In cars like this only good quality antifreeze should be used.
Because the engine generates a lot of heat, close to 50/50
antifreeze/water ratios should be used. Tighten the two bleed
nuts at the top of each radiator. Fill with coolant until the
reserve/expansion tank is full. Run the engine in a well
ventilated area until the fans come on. Slightly loosen the bleed
nuts to let any trapped air out. Take care the water can be hot.
Tighten everything up and take a test drive. Bleed the radiators
again of air. Both radiators should be the same temperature.